Meet Mullah Omar, The Man Behind the War in Afghanistan
If you've been following international news, then you've heard of the Taliban. The Taliban is an intransigent Islamic group that governed Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001. So, who formed the fundamentalist group? Well, Meet Mullah Omar, the man behind the war in Afghanistan.
Mullah Omar's rule in Afghanistan came to an end in 2001 when the US invaded the Taliban. The US government attacked them for harboring Osama bin Laden, leader of al-Qaeda. Since the attack, the group continued with its fight against the US and the Afghan government. Read on to know more about the founder of the Taliban, Mullah Omar.
Mohammed Omar, famously known as Mullah Omar, was born in 1960. He graduated from Darul Uloom Haqqania in Pakistan. Omar joined the Afghan mujahideen in the 1980s to fight against the Soviet Union. After the war in 1994, Omar founded the Taliban group. The movement captured much of southern and western Afghanistan by 1995.
In September 1996, Omar captured the Afghan capital of Kabul. As a result, he became the Head of the Supreme Council of Afghanistan. With such power, Omar acted as Afghan's head of state.
Mullah Omar's Governance and the war in Afghanistan
During Omar's rule, the Taliban imposed a strict Islamic law interpretation on Afghan citizens. Women couldn't leave their homes easily. The women could not go to school or have jobs. Moreover, the Taliban forced them to cover themselves fully.
Remember, under his rule, women who committed adultery got stoned to death. Moreover, those guilty of murder got publicly killed by the victim's families. Omar also legislated a death sentence for people converting from Islam to other religions. Consequently, he ordered the destruction of the ancient Buddha statues at Bamiyan.
Omar's Fight Against Opium Production
In July 2000, Omar launched one of the world's most successful campaigns. He proclaimed that cultivating poppies was un-Islamic. Omar did so to eliminate the production of heroin in Afghanistan.
The campaign resulted in a 99% decrease in poppy farming within Taliban territory. This caused a three-quarters reduction in the world's supply of heroin at the time. Even so, the ban was only effective for a short period. This is because of the deposition of the Taliban in 2002.
If the dark web existed by then, Omar's campaign would have affected it significantly. Drug vendors access the dark market through the Tor browser. The browser ensures their anonymity, allowing them to sell drugs in the dark market. Cybercriminals trade using cryptocurrency in the darknet. With no heroine to sell, the dark marketplace would have lost substantial customers.
The fall of Mullah Omar
After the 9/11 attacks on the US, Mullah Omar became wanted by the US government. He was accused of protecting Osama bin Laden. The government also accused Omar of harboring al-Qaeda militants. In 2001, the US government attacked Afghanistan. The attack deposed Omar as the Head of the Supreme Council.
Omar led the Taliban against the new Afghan government and NATO forces. By December 2001, Omar handed over the operation to his defense minister. He then went into hiding in Zabul Province and later died in April 2013. Omar's death was kept secret by Taliban leaders for two years. The National Directorate of Security revealed his death in July 2015.
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