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Online Security, Free from Hacking and Online Attackers

By J.Austine
Online Security, Free from Hacking and Online Attackers

Indeed, having “nothing to hide” doesn’t matter anymore. Nowadays, we use internet-connected devices in all elements of our lives. As a result, our devices contain a lot of information about us. So then, if your devices don’t get protected, hackers may access and steal your data. However, online security measures can get practiced to avoid the same.

Online Security, Free from Hacking and Online Attackers

Also, surveillance is becoming a common factor in our daily lives. Yet, our privacy is in danger of no longer getting considered an intrinsic right. Hence, we should do whatever we can to protect our privacy. Following the steps below help your data be free from hacking and online attackers.

Data Management

Personally Identifiable Information, also known as PII, includes the following:
Telephone numbers
Social Security Numbers
Email address
Marital status
Date of birth
If lost in data breaches or phishing scams, all that data can get used to cause a lot of harm. For instance, it can get used to conduct identity theft or to compromise online accounts.
What are your browsing habits? Now, internet activity gets monitored by an Internet Service Provider (ISP). There is not much consumers can do about attacks at the ISP level. Yet, web pages you visit could get tracked by cookies. Cookies are small bits of text that get downloaded and stored by your browser.
They are helpful in personalizing internet experiences and may include tailored advertising. Still, such tracking can go overboard and get considered intrusive.
In businesses, customers’ data are getting scrutinized more and more with regulatory changes. For example, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation is designed to protect user data. In turn, as part of the process, companies will often encrypt your information. SSL and TLS certificates that support encryption on website domains may be helpful.
Unfortunately, fraudsters have adopted SSL.

End-to-End Encryption

End-to-end encryption is a security technique that keeps your online communications secure. With this type of encryption, no third party can read a message as it travels to the recipient. It works by first converting data into scrambled text that can only get decoded by a secret key.
Cryptographic keys get used to decrypt and decrypt data. For instance, public-key encryption uses a public key and a private key. The public key can get shared with others and then sent back to the owner. Note that a message can only get decrypted by a corresponding private key.
End-to-end encryption is unique in that only the sender and recipient can read a message.
In comparison, single-key encryption provides an unbroken layer of encryption from the sender. Also, it uses one key to encrypt messages. The key can be a password, code, or a string of randomly generated numbers. It is sent to the message recipient to encrypt their message. While in transit, the message appears gibberish to intermediaries.
However, if an intermediary gets the key, the message can get encrypted and read. So then, it is crucial to keep intermediaries from accessing the key.

Browser Basics and Tor

Searching the web is a daily activity for most of us. In addition, it is a hotbed for tracking and potential cyberattacks. The most commonly used browsers include Microsoft Edge, Google, and Chrome. Even so, you can try using Tor if you want to keep your browsing anonymous.
The Tor Project is an open-source browser that focuses on privacy. It works by creating tunnels that prevent users from getting tracked via internet traffic. In general, Tor is legal and gets used by activists, civil rights groups, and journalists. Yet, it gets confused with the dark web although, you require Tor to access the darknet.
The Tor browser is usually slower than traditional browsers. But, it is still the best choice for secure and anonymous browsing. On that note, criminals take advantage of it and visit black markets in anonymity. The dark web has black markets that sell contraband like illicit drugs.
Nevertheless, you can be more comfortable with using ordinary browsers. There is no harm in that because you can still improve their security easily. You can start by clearing your cookie caches and browser histories. The reason being, it can prevent ad networks from collecting too much information.
Additionally, you can set your preferences to prevent websites from storing cookies.
Now, when you visit a website, you will meet with either HTTP or HTTPS. HTTPS uses a layer of encryption to enable secure communication between a browser and server. It is most essential when making online purchases. The reason being, it protects your payment details from theft and eavesdropping. Therefore, you shouldn’t hand over any crucial information to websites without enabling HTTPS.

Using VPNs for Online Security

A Virtual Private Network is a method to create a safe tunnel between servers and browsers. In this case, data packets get encrypted before getting sent to the destination server. In the process, your IP address and location become hidden. Most VPNs also include a “kill switch.” It works by cutting off your internet access temporarily if a connection drops. Hence, your only activity gets kept secure.
Many VPN users adopt the service to access geolocation-blocked content. Furthermore, they are more prevalent in response to increased online surveillance. For that reason, activists or those ruled by censorship use them. Also, some organizations require their employees to use a VPN when accessing corporate resources remotely. Due to Covid-19, the demand for VPN increased.
This is because employees are working from home. Besides, VPNs are not a silver bullet or security. In fact, they are far from it, but they help mask your online presence.
However, VPN usage is illegal in some countries.

Two-Factor Authentication For Online Security

Two-factor authentication has become a widely implemented method. It works by adding a layer of security to your accounts after submitting a password. The common methods are via the following:
A Pattern
A biometric marker such as a fingerprint
A physical fob
Using 2FA creates an extra step to access your data and accounts. Thus, it makes it harder for attackers to gain access to devices and accounts. Online Service Providers use the technique to protect users’ credentials from hackers.
Lastly, it is essential to understand how to address the latest cyber threats.

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