Keeping Your Data Safe
Nowadays, many aspects of our lives depend on technology. Following that, we store much of our personal information online. Thus, data security is key to keeping your data safe. Critical information includes networks, databases, files, and accounts. Adequate data security uses various controls and techniques
Keeping Your Data Safe
The techniques identify the importance of datasets and apply appropriate security controls. Moreover, they take note of sensitive datasets and their compliance requirements. Even so, data security only can’t keep hackers a bay. It is one of many methods of reducing the risk associated with data handling.
Why is Keeping Your Data Safe Important?
Data security is essential to organizations for various reasons. First, companies have a legal obligation to protect data from hackers. For example, financial firms may be subject to Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. The system ensures companies take measures to protect user data.
Also, there is a reputational risk following a data breach. Hence, a high-profile data breach can damage your reputation. Alongside, there are financial and logical consequences. You’ll need money and time to assess and repair the damage caused. More so, you’ll determine which business processes failed and need improvement.
You do not want your data to end up on the dark web. It could get used criminals who access the dark web using the Tor browser. Tor makes tracking cybercriminals difficult.
What if Your Data Gets to the Dark Web?
Cybercriminals sell stolen data to other criminals on the darknet. Despite that, your data could end up on the dark web for various reasons. Many of the reasons are unrelated to the Accellion breach. Besides, companies sign up for Experian IdentityWorks in response to the Accellion data breach.
Experian provides information about when your data got found on the darknet.
You can follow the following steps if your data gets found on the dark web:
Change your accounts’ passwords. In addition, modify the security questions on your accounts. You can also consider using a password manager service.
Add 2-factor authentication to personal accounts. This helps stop account takeover attacks.
Contact your credit card issuer. They can assist you close the account and open a new one. They can as well help you set up fraud alerts.
Open an account with a mySocial Security account. This gets done via the Social Security Administration. By doing this, you’ll be claiming your Social Security Number. Also, it wards off anyone trying to create an account in your name.
Types of Data Security
Access controls limit both digital and physical access to critical systems of data. It makes sure devices get protected with mandatory login entry. It also ensures physical spaces only get entered by authorized personnel.
Authentication is similar to access controls. Authentication is accurately identifying users before they access data. It includes passwords, PINs, biometrics, and swipe card.
Encryption is another type of data security. It involves transforming text into an unreadable format. Encryption transforms data using encryption keys. Only authorized people with encryption keys can access the information. Encryption is important to all datasets.
Data masking software also hides information. The software operates by obscuring numbers and letters with proxy characters. It protects vital information when unauthorized parties access it. Even so, data goes back to its original form when authorized users access it.
After knowing all that, let’s learn about the main elements of data security.
The Main Elements of Data Security
There are three important elements to data security. All organizations should adhere to them. These are availability, confidentiality, and integrity. The elements are also known as the CIA Triad. They function as a security model and framework for data security.
Here is what each element means in terms of keeping your data safe.
It ensures that only the people with proper credentials access data.
The element ensures that all data stored is accurate and reliable. Furthermore, it prevents unwarranted changes to data.
This element ensures that data gets accessed easily and safely.
Data Security Regulations
Data security is a vital element of regulatory compliance. It doesn’t matter what sector your company operates in. Furthermore, regulatory frameworks make data security an essential aspect of compliance. Hence, people need to take data security seriously. They should work with experienced compliance partners.
This is to ensure you employ all the proper measures. Some of the significant compliance frameworks include:
International Standards Organization (ISO) 27001
Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS)
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
Now, some practices ensure data security. No silver bullet will guarantee 100% security of your data. Yet, some techniques can help minimize the chances of a data breach. An example is, quarantining sensitive files.
A typical data management mistake is keeping sensitive files accessible. Companies need to eliminate this practice. This can be done by putting sensitive data in secure, quarantined areas. In fact, you can control your data by using data security software.
As mentioned before, the data moves sensitive data to a secure location. This makes the data a hard target.
Another common mistake is overly permissive behaviors. This is where many people have more access to data than is necessary. You can limit this by using software that profiles user behavior. The software places appropriate permissions through an entitlement review.
Always Prepare for Cyber Threats
You should always think ahead. For that reason, a solid cybersecurity policy is necessary. One that encompasses current and potential future threats to your data. The threats include external hackers and insider threats. Apart from policy, employ software monitors suspicious activity.
Always delete unused data. If stored longer than necessary stale data represent a liability in terms of cybersecurity. For instance, use technologies that eliminate sensitive data that’s not in use.
It is critical to track user access. Internal personnel can also pose a threat to company data. Therefore, you need to track user access to avoid damage. Ensure only the right people access sensitive data.
Keeping your data safe is not a simple project. Wherefore, no measure will guarantee complete data safety around the clock. But, you need to view data security as an ongoing endeavor. You’ll need to follow the proper practices like data purging and quarantine.
Above all, keeping your data safe is a team effort. Put measures in place that minimize data breaches and hacks.
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